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5 Wine Facts You Need To Know

white and red wine with green and black grapes

A bottle of red (Red Wine)

Red wine, as its name implies, is produced from purple, black, blue, and other dark-skinned grapes. Young wines are often a deep violet, but the color of wine may vary from that to a brick red in its mature stages to a brown in its oldest stages. Most purple grapes have greenish-white juice because the red color comes from anthocyanin pigments in the skin. The grape peel is used extensively throughout the winemaking process to extract the wine’s color and taste.


Rosé is a subset of the red wine family that uses a less percentage of the color from the grape skins. Due to the ease with which the skin contact technique may produce wine, it is possible that this variety predates all others. Depending on the grapes used and the winemaking process, the pink hue may vary from a muted “onionskin orange” to a deep, nearly-purple shade. Typically, the name of this wine is “rosé” in French, Portuguese, and English, “rosado” in Spanish, or “Rosato” in Italian.

Skin contact, saignée, and blending are the three main processes for creating rosé wine. From bone-dry Provençal rosé to fruity White Zinfandels and blushes, rosé wines come in a broad spectrum of textures and flavors, and may be produced still, semi-effervescent, or sparkling. You may get rosé wines from all over the world, and they’re often created with any number of different types of grapes.

When making rosé wine, the skin contact technique is used. Grapes with a dark skin are crushed and then left in touch with their juice for a brief time, usually between two and twenty hours. Instead of letting the must and skins remain in touch during fermentation, the must is pressed and the skins are thrown away (as with red wine making). The color of the finished wine becomes more profound as more time passes while the skins remain in touch with the liquid.

The Saignée (French for “bleeding”) process involves draining out some of the pink liquid from the must at an early stage in order to add more tannin and color to red wine. Because the amount of juice in the must is decreased during the bleeding, and the must used in the maceration becomes more concentrated, the red wine that is left in the vats is enhanced. The resulting rosé may be fermented from the pink juice that was extracted.

Wine with a Sparkle (Sparkling Wine)

Carbon dioxide gives sparkling wine its characteristic fizziness. While the word is often used to refer to champagne, the name is officially reserved in European Union nations for goods made solely in the Champagne area of France. Wines like the Italian Brachetto, Bonarda, and Lambrusco and the Australian sparkling Shiraz are exceptions to the rule that sparkling wines must be white or rosé in color. Fizzy wine may vary from bone-dry (brut) to somewhat sweet (doux) in terms of sweetness.

These wines acquire their fizzy quality from carbon dioxide, which may have formed during natural fermentation in a bottle (the “traditional method”), in a large tank (capable of withstanding the pressures involved in natural bottle fermentation), or (in the case of some less expensive sparkling wines) through the simple injection of carbon dioxide.

Under EU legislation, the term “champagne” may only refer to sparkling wine produced in the Champagne area of France. Sparkling wines produced outside of Champagne, such as Blanquette de Limoux from the south of France, are known in French as Mousseux or Crémant. Prosecco, Franciacorta, Trento DOC, Oltrep Pavese Metodo Classico, and Asti are all examples of Italian sparkling wines; the general Italian word for sparkling wine is spumante. Similarly, Espumante is made in Portugal, Cava is produced in Spain, and Cap Classique is produced in South Africa. As early as the 19th century, Central and Eastern European countries began to manufacture sparkling wines.

Alcoholic beverage with a sugary aftertaste (Sweet Wine)

In the United Kingdom, sweet wines are often referred to as dessert wines because of their common pairing with sweet foods. Sweet wine defies easy description. In the United Kingdom, sweet wine refers to any wine consumed during the course of a meal, as opposed to the dry white wines often served before a meal and the robust red wines typically enjoyed afterward. While most fortified wines are not considered sweet, exceptions include Pedro Ximénez sherry and Muscat de Beaumes-de-Venise, both of which are fortified white wines that are not as heavily fortified as others.

A perfectly ripe peach has been characterized as the best match for many sweet wines, whereas it makes sense to not drink wine with many chocolates and toffee-based foods at all.

White Wine

Wines that are fermented without touch with the grape skins are known as white wines. Shades of straw yellow, yellow-green, and yellow-gold are all possible. Grapes of any color may be used to make wine since the process just requires the grapes’ innocuous pulp to be fermented into alcohol.

There are several grape types, vinification techniques, and residual sugar-to-acidity ratios that contribute to the breadth of white wine styles. Chardonnay, Sauvignon blanc, and Riesling are just a few examples of the “white” grapes used to make white wine. Grapes with colored skins may be used to produce white wine as well, providing the resulting wort is not tainted.

Dry white wine is the most popular of the several varieties of white wine. Complete fermentation of the wort produces this beverage, which is often fragrant and sour.